Corns are a common example of avoidable foot pain. Corns often occur on the top of the toes where there is pressure from the shoes. Corns, also called helomas, are thickened areas of skin that form in response to excessive pressure and friction. They form to protect the skin and the structures beneath it from damage or injury. Corns are usually hard and circular, with a waxy or translucent center. They may become painful or ulcerated in response to persistent friction. Certain corns may become entwined with the nerves of the skin, these corns are particularly painful. There are two types of corns. Hammer toe usually affects the second toe, although it may also affect the other toes. The toe goes into a claw-like position. The condition may occur as a result of pressure from a bunion. A corn on the top of a toe and a callus on the sole of the foot develop, which makes walking painful. The condition may be present at birth (congenital) or develop from wearing short, narrow shoes. Hammer toe also occurs in children who continue to wear shoes they have outgrown. Protect the protruding joint with corn pads or felt pads, corrective footwear, or other foot devices. Exercises may be helpful. There’s lots of dry, wrinkled, skin on my foot and still lots of bruising and swelling but even the swelling has gone down a fair amount since I had the stitches taken out. But boy is it key to keep it elevated as much as possible. Not only does my foot swell up REALLY quickly when it’s not elevated, it does hurt a fair bit if I walk for any long period of time. When seated, the foot should come to about your chest level. It's easy to grasp from here with the fingers on the top of the foot, and the thumbs on the sole. Your mobility can be threatened and turn painful when corns, calluses and hammertoes develop due to a bad choice of footwear When your toes cannot relax, remaining in an unnatural position may lead to muscle rigidity, and hard skin may form if your toes rub against the interior of your shoes. The corns and calluses may sneak up to you unexpectedly even when you are tolerating the constant cramping and rubbing. If the hammertoes condition is ignored for an extended time it may force you out of your poor fitting shoes Uncomfortable shoes may result in a doctor visit due to foot pain. In most cases it is more likely that a realignment of the big toe and a balancing of the muscles around the joint will also be necessary. The major decision that must be made is whether or not the metatarsal bone will need to be cut and realigned as well. The angle made between the first metatarsal and the second metatarsal is used to make this decision. The normal angle is around nine or ten degrees. If the angle is 13 degrees or more, the metatarsal will probably need to be cut and realigned.